April 18, 2024
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what supplements can cause bleeding

What Supplements Can Cause Bleeding?

Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB), while uncommon, can still be life-threatening in babies born to mothers without enough of it.

Always notify your health care team of any herbs, vitamins or supplements that you take so they can identify potential interactions that could increase the risk of surgery or serious complications.

1. Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo biloba is an herb commonly taken as a supplement to counter the cognitive decline associated with normal aging and dementia, and may even help treat eye conditions like AMD. Ginkgo may improve circulation while slowing changes that happen within retina as people age.

Ginkgo can cause bleeding according to several reports and laboratory studies, including some fatal instances. Many of those taking ginkgo were also using medications that increased their risk of bleeding such as blood thinners; roughly 20 reports have been published regarding cerebral, ocular or post-surgical haemorrhages among people taking Ginkgo biloba; in most of these instances the bleeding time decreased when Ginkgo biloba was stopped but increased again when restarted (2).

Bleeding from Ginkgo Biloba tends to occur most commonly in the lungs and brain; however, other parts of the body may also experience bleeding. When bleeding occurs it often forms haematomas, which are large pools of blood beneath the skin that often result in headaches and feelings of weakness.

A 70-year-old man experienced subdural hemorrhage two days after starting to take ginkgo biloba extract from a health food store.

At the same time, he had also taken other herbal supplements like garlic and chondroitin-glucosamine – both linked with an increased risk of bleeding – but these should not be taken prior to surgery.

People at high risk of bleeding should consult with their physician prior to starting on ginkgo supplements, as it may increase bleeding if taken with medications that thin blood like warfarin (Coumadin) and clopidogrel (Plavix). Furthermore, it may reduce effectiveness of some medicines used to prevent blood clots, including aspirin and the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen; furthermore it could interfere with an enzyme called monoamine oxidase (MAO), responsible for breaking down certain hormones that raise blood pressure.

2. St. John’s Wort

St. John’s Wort is an herb found worldwide that gets its name from blooming flowers that occur on June 24, the feast day of Saint John the Baptist. People have used this plant for millennia for – either taking tablets, capsules or infusing it in tea form.

Research shows that some research indicates the herb can help with depression and its symptoms such as anxiety and tiredness, premenstrual syndrome symptoms may also decrease while improving attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms. While not helping polyneuropathy nerve pain caused by nerve damage outside of the brain or spinal cord called polyneuropathy directly it may assist some with irritable bowel syndrome symptoms and even help some with seasonal affective disorder by increasing natural production of vitamin D production within their bodies.

St. John’s Wort is not proven effective for other mental disorders, such as phobias or bipolar disorder. While it may help augment certain drugs (like antidepressants ) it could potentially have serious adverse reactions when combined with triptan drugs commonly used to treat migraine headaches; such a combination can result in serotonin syndrome which could be life-threatening.

This supplement interacts with several drugs, including cyclosporin (used to prevent rejection of liver and kidney transplants) and tacrolimus (used to prevent organ rejection in transplant patients), anticoagulants such as warfarin, and digoxin – used to treat heart failure and rhythm problems.

People should always inform their physician of any herbs, vitamins or supplements they are taking. Because dietary supplements are unregulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), their quality can vary significantly; those looking for quality products should look for brands with an organization seal certifying they were properly manufactured with ingredients listed on the label.

3. Aspirin

Aspirin (sa-LIS-ilate) has been used for pain relief for over 2000 years. It works by decreasing substances that cause discomfort such as pain, fever and inflammation. Aspirin can also help lower heart attack and stroke risks for some individuals who have already had them; however, aspirin may increase stomach or intestinal bleeding risks; individuals with an existing ulcer history or having high levels of stomach acidity are at increased risk for such side effects.

Aspirin can increase the risk of bleeding if taken with blood thinners or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including ibuprofen (Motrin IB and Advil) or naproxen sodium (Aleve). When making decisions regarding aspirin use it is best to consult a health care professional in order to make an informed decision about which products may best fit into your healthcare regimen.

According to the Antithrombotic Trialists’ Collaboration, aspirin may increase the risk of gastrointestinal and intracranial bleeding for those suffering from liver disease, kidney disease, heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure or history of ulcers or blood problems. Furthermore, alcohol use or hospitalization for cardiovascular conditions could increase this risk further.

Aspirin should only be taken if prescribed by your healthcare provider and, depending on your pregnancy or nursing status and medical history – bleeding disorders, kidney issues or anemia being among them – are likely to alter its effects in your body. Furthermore, if there is a family history of Reye’s syndrome – an uncommon form of liver failure – make sure that aspirin may be right for you as well.

At all times, it is essential that you inform your health care providers of all medications and supplements you are taking – such as over-the-counter and herbal products – in order to avoid unwanted effects such as bleeding. If surgery is planned soon after stopping all herbs/dietary supplements (and even medications if applicable). They will advise how long is necessary.

4. Vitamin E

Vitamin E is an antioxidant, providing protection from free radical damage while helping maintain stable blood clots. It’s commonly found in seeds, nuts, leafy green vegetables and vegetable oils as well as being available as a dietary supplement; currently being studied as potential prevention or treatment of some forms of cancers. As it’s fat-soluble vitamin, alpha-tocopherol is its main biologically active form in humans but beta-, gamma-, delta-tocopherols may also provide similar biologic activity as alpha-tocopherol alone.

High doses of vitamin E can significantly increase bleeding risk as it interferes with the body’s ability to metabolize vitamin K, essential for blood clotting. Signs of vitamin E toxicity include muscle weakness, fatigue, nausea and diarrhea – with bleeding being the most severe and potentially life-threatening complication when taken alongside anticoagulant or antiplatelet medications.

Vitamin E’s toxicities may stem from its oxidised forms that possess anticoagulant activity and inhibit platelet aggregation. Vitamin K counteracts this effect but its role in bleeding remains less clear; vitamin E might interact with other drugs used to reduce bleeding such as warfarin and clopidogrel, possibly leading to even greater bleeding complications.

Most people receive adequate amounts of vitamin E through diet alone and supplementation is rarely necessary. But vitamin E helps protect the heart by mitigating its damaging effects of smoking, physical inactivity, diabetes and high cholesterol, among other chronic diseases; and can alleviate symptoms related to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or preeclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy).

Before taking any dietary supplement, it is always a good idea to consult a health care professional. Your provider can assess your overall health as well as medications you are currently taking (including over-the-counter supplements or herbal remedies). They will then check for possible interactions between these herbs and medications which could cause serious side effects like bleeding. By consulting them first and getting their advice before beginning to take supplements yourself, this ensures you receive optimal care for your wellbeing.

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